Polaris General Maintenance
Polaris General Maintenance
When to Change Your Oil
The recommended engine oil and filter changes for your Polaris Off-Road Vehicle can be found listed below and in the Periodic Maintenance Chart of your Owner’s Manual.
Perform a break-in oil and filter change at 25 engine hours or one month of use — whichever comes first. Following break-in, change your oil and filter every 100 hours, six months or 1,000 miles — whichever comes first. Always change the filter whenever changing the oil.
For youth models, perform a break-in oil and filter change at 5 hours or one month of use. Then change the oil and filter at: 10 hours or 100 miles (160 km); 25 hours or 250 miles (400 km); 50 hours or 500 miles (800 km); and every 25 hours or 250 miles (400 km) after that.
While following the Periodic Maintenance Chart is best, understanding why your oil needs to be changed also is a critical part of maintaining your vehicle. Frequent starts/stops, extended storage periods, extreme changes in temperature, and severe use of the vehicle can lead to premature oil degradation, decreasing your engine’s performance and life cycle. Changing your oil at the recommended intervals will ensure consistent and reliable performance for the life of your vehicle.
Vehicles subjected to heavy or severe use patterns must be inspected and serviced more frequently.
Severe use includes:
- Frequent immersion in mud, water or sand
- Frequent or prolonged operation in dusty environments
- Racing or race-style high RPM use
- Prolonged low speed, heavy load operation
- Extended idle
- Short trip cold weather operation
Pay special attention to the oil level. A rise in oil level during cold weather can indicate contaminants collecting in the oil sump or crankcase. Change the oil immediately if the oil level begins to rise. Monitor the oil level. If it continues to rise, discontinue use and determine the cause.
GENERAL XP 1000 and GENERAL XP 4 1000 Oil Change
Required Tools and Supplies:
- Drain Pan
- Shop Rags
- Nitrile Gloves
- Safety Glasses
- Torque Wrench
- 6mm Allen and 8mm Sockets
- Grease Gun
Always wear safety glasses and nitrile gloves while servicing your Polaris GENERAL. The Full Synthetic PS-4 Oil Change Kit is part number 2879323. The Extreme Duty Oil Change Kit is part number 2879324.
To change the oil and filter on your GENERAL XP 1000 or XP 4 1000, follow these steps:
- Park the vehicle on a flat level surface.
- Ensure the vehicle is in PARK.
- Start the engine and allow it to warm up at idle for 2 to 3 minutes.
- Stop the engine.
- Tilt the cargo bed to access the oil cap.
- Remove any debris near the engine oil cap and remove the oil cap.
- Clean the area around the oil drain plug.
- Place a drain pan under the engine crankcase. Tip: Place a rag in the bottom of the drain pan to prevent the splashing of oil.
- Remove the drain plug with a 6mm Allen socket and allow the oil to drain completely. Caution: Hot oil can cause burns to skin. Do not allow hot oil to contact skin.
- While the oil is draining, turn the oil filter counter-clockwise with a 2.5-inch (64mm) oil filter wrench to remove it.
- Using a clean dry cloth, clean the filter sealing surface on the engine crankcase.
- Lubricate the O-ring on the new oil filter with a film of fresh engine oil. Ensure the O-ring is in good condition.
- Install the new filter and rotate it clockwise by hand until the filter gasket contacts the sealing surface. Then turn it an additional three quarters of a turn. The filter is part number 2540086. The filter is included in both oil change kits.
- Replace the sealing washer on the drain plug. The sealing washer is part number 5812232. Notice: The sealing surfaces on the drain plug and crankcase should be clean and free of burrs, nicks or scratches.
- Reinstall the engine oil drain plug. Torque to 12 ft-lbs (16 Nm).
- Fill the engine with 2.5 quarts (2.4 liters) of engine oil.
- Start the engine and allow it to idle for 1 to 2 minutes.
- Stop the engine and inspect for leaks.
- Clean any residual oil off the vehicle.
- Remove the dipstick and wipe with a clean shop towel
- Reinstall the dipstick fully and remove again to check the oil level. Add oil as needed to bring the level to the upper mark on the dipstick.
- Lower the cargo box.
- Dispose of the used filter and oil properly.
- In addition to changing the engine oil, make sure to grease the propshaft and clean the spark arrestor.
- Access the grease zerks on the propshaft through the driver’s rear wheel well and through the access hole in the middle of the skid plate.
- To remove the spark arrestor, loosen the spark arrestor fastener with an 8mm socket, and pull the spark arrestor out to clean.
- Reinstall the spark arrestor and fastener. Torque to 8 ft-lbs (11 Nm).
Programmable Service Interval on Instrument Cluster
The service interval counter on the instrument cluster of your GENERAL is programmed to 25 hours at the factory. As hours of engine operation increase, the counter decreases. The wrench icon will flash for about 10 seconds when the counter reaches zero and each time the key is turned on thereafter until the counter is reset.
When this feature is enabled, it provides a convenient reminder to perform routine maintenance. Refer to the recommended oil change intervals.
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